Saturday, August 31, 2013

Chattanooga history for September

Chattanooga remembers 9-11 victims on 9-11-11
Credit Brad Snoke
September is a full month of historical happenings for Chattanooga and the surrounding area. Between the Civil War events, including the Battle of Chickamauga, and the births and deaths of famous Chattanoogans, we have a busy month. Read on to discover what other interesting things happened in Chattanooga during the month of September.

This day in Chattanooga’s history for September…

1st 1873, The Chattanooga Daily Commercial was established. It would eventually become the Chattanooga Weekly Commercial, with publication lasting until February 10, 1888. 

2nd 1885, An African-American militia unit and drill team, the Chattanooga Light Infantry, was composed of 36 members. They received new uniforms on this day.

3rd 1868, William L. Frierson, mayor of Chattanooga from 1905 to 1907, was born in Shelbyville, Tennessee.

5th 2011, Most rainfall in one day was recorded at 9.49” per NOAA website.

Living historians march at Chickamauga Battlefield
Credit: Brad Snoke
8th 1863, Confederate General Bragg (1817-1876) evacuated Chattanooga allowing Union General Rosecrans to enter the city.

9th 1863, Federal troops under the leadership of Union General William Rosecrans occupied Chattanooga with little resistance. Wilder’s Lightening Brigade enters Chattanooga.

9th 2007, Small Twin turboprop plane ran out of fuel and crashed into the parking lot of Brainerd Village (2000 feet from runway). The plane ran into 2 parked cars, a telephone pole and one car traveling down Brainerd Road. No one was killed in the incident.

11th 2001, The terrorist attack on the twin towers touches Chattanooga and the country as a whole.

12th 1893, Baylor School opens

12th 1906, Girls Preparatory School opens

14th 1840, Future Mayor Henry Frederick Temple was born in Utica, New York. He was elected during 1880 and volunteered to serve without a salary.

15th 1851, JW White, a prominent African-American lawyer, was born in Cherokee County, Alabama. White served Chattanooga’s public as a Justice of the Peace, an alderman, and a tax assessor.

15th 1886, UTC opened its doors as Chattanooga University with 8 faculty members and 140 students.

19th 1862, Union Maj. Gen. Rosecrans and Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg begin a battle that would become the second bloodiest battle of the Civil War and the Union’s most significant defeat—The Battle of Chickamauga.

19th 1895, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park was dedicated as the first National Military Park in the United Sates.

Native American images on Chattanooga's riverfront.
Credit: Brad Snoke
20th 1782, John Sevier’s militia defeated the Cherokee on Lookout Mountain. This defeat led to the destruction of the Chickamauga towns in this area. It also caused the evacuation of Chief Dragging Canoe (1738-1792) and the Cherokees to the west and south.

20th 1842, GW Sewell, an African-American that was active in Chattanooga’s politics, was born in Shelby County. Sewell was a Chattanooga barber who served as a Justice of the Peace for Hamilton County Court, an alderman in 1871 and a Federal Court Cryer in Hamilton County for 20 years.

20th 1863, Confederates score victory at the Battle of Chickamauga at a cost of 18,454 in casualties and losses. This compares to 16,170 in casualties and losses for the Union.

23rd 1863, Due to the heavy Union losses during the Battle of Chickamauga, Lincoln dispatched General Joseph Hooker and 23,000 men from Army of Potomac.

24th 1963, Mayor Ralph H. Kelley declared all city facilities, including public buildings, parks, playgrounds, golf courses, swimming pools and community centers,  “open to all”. This action spearheaded Chattanooga into the desegregation movement.

26th 1937- Chattanooga’s Empress of the Blues, Bessie Smith, died at age 43. During the 1920’s Bessie Smith was the highest paid African-American entertainer of the day.

28th 1863 Union generals Alexander M. McCook and Thomas Crittenden are blamed for Chickamauga defeat and lose their command.

29th 1863 Ulysses S. Grant ordered by Abraham Lincoln to Chattanooga. Grant relieves Rosecrans of his duty and takes command of the Union Army in Chattanooga.

Bikes in front of Outdoor Chattanooga
Credit: Brad Snoke
September 2004 City appoints Rob Healy as the first-ever executive director of Outdoor Chattanooga, an organization that promotes outdoor recreation.

September 2010 EPB offers the fastest internet service in the United States (a gigabit a second).